Naples-Ft Myers home inspections starting at $175.
Thursday Apr 19, 2018 9:21 am

Pool /Spa Inspections

Pool/Spa Inspection Checklist

The following inspection checklist is adapted from the guidelines recommended by the National Swimming Pool Foundation. We use this checklist during our inspections.

Call 239-200-3313 for pool/spa inspection prices only. 

  • Adequate fencing, gates, barriers, alarms, and/or other protective devices are installed.
  • Adequate storage space is provided for equipment.
  • Decks around pool are not cluttered.
  • The pool is covered when not in use.
  • Surfaces leading to the pool, including the deck and steps, are slip-resistant.
  • Decks on all sides of the pool meet minimum safety standards.
  • The deck is separated from the pool wall perimeter.
  • There are no standing puddles on the deck.
  • All ladders, stanchions, chairs, rails, treads, plates, and other deck equipment are tightly secured in place.
  • An adequate means of egress from the pool is provided.
  • Steps, treads, ramps, ledges and any other protrusions into the pool are marked with a contrasting color coating or tile on both the top and vertical rise.
  • No unpleasant odors or irritating fumes are apparent.
  • No physical damage is apparent at the pool equipment.
  • Main drain grates are bolted securely to the pool’s bottom.
  • Grates are visible from the deck, with no damage apparent.
  • Drain covers are installed.
  • Water return inlets are installed.
  • The pool is vacuumed daily.
  • No debris is visible. The water is clean.
  • There’s no discoloration of the water.
  • Algae growth is not visible.
  • The pool water is tested at the frequency required or desired.
  • All water quality and chemical levels are within acceptable ranges during the most current test.
  • Bacteriological water analysis is performed on a regular basis.
  • Water temperature is maintained within acceptable levels and is appropriate for the primary activities being conducted in the pool.
  • The water temperature has been measured and recorded.
  • The type of heater is identified.
  • Efficiency and BTU ratings of the heater are identified.
  • The heater is installed on a level, non-combustible base.
  • Safety devices are installed on the heater.
  • The thermostat is identified and located.
  • Check valves between the heater and filter are installed.
  • Bonding and grounding are visible.
  • The heater is installed downstream of the pump and filter.
  • A solar heating system is installed. 
  • The solar heating system type is identified.
  • The solar heating system is active.
  • Pool chemicals are stored a safe distance away from the heater.
  • Adequate clearances around the heater are maintained.
  • Coping stones and tiles are not chipped, cracked or loose.
  • The pool shell appears smooth, without readily visible defects.
  • There is no visible surface staining.
  • The water level appears to be maintained to allow for the removal of floating debris.
  • The water level appears at the proper height to allow continuous overflow of water into the gutters or skimmers.
  • Skimmer weirs, skimmer baskets, deck covers, and flow-adjustment devices are installed.
  • Lights are installed and are operational.
  • The type, number, and wattage of deck lighting are identified.
  • The number of underwater lights are noted.
  • GFCIs are installed.
  • Electrical wiring is not passing directly over the pool or spa.
  • Hose bibs are installed near the pool.
  • No apparent defects or signs of repair are observed at the diving board.
  • The manufacturer of the diving board is visible on the board itself.
  • The centrifugal pump is secured to its base and is operating quietly.
  • The hair and lint strainer basket is clean of debris.
  • The type of pipe has been identified.
  • Pipes and fittings are not leaking.
  • Pipes are supported adequately.
  • Pipes are not showing signs of calcification, corrosion or deterioration.
  • Air pressure-relief valves are installed on all pressure filter tanks.
  • Filter tanks are accessible.
  • The filter’s brand is identified.
  • A clean sight glass or visual outfall of at least 3 feet has been provided.
  • The pressurized filter tanks and hair and lint traps are not leaking and are properly sealed.
  • All piping, filters and components that are part of the system are labeled, tagged, color-coded or otherwise identified.
  • A spa is installed.
  • The spa is operational.
  • A spa cover is installed.
  • No physical damage is apparent at the spa.
  • A spa timer is installed and not reachable by a spa user.
  • The emergency shut-off switch for the spa is installed and clearly labeled.
  • The spa appears clean and adequately maintained.

Pool Safety Barriers

Each year nationwide, about 300 children under 5 years old drown in swimming pools, usually a pool owned by their family. In addition, more than 2,000 children in that age group are treated in hospital emergency rooms for submersion injuries. The following information can help provide young children with the protection they deserve.

Most jurisdictions require some type of barrier at the pool and spa to prevent drowning. Sometimes, the barrier is surrounding the pool, but not the spa. Be sure to not overlook the issue of barriers when inspecting the spa.

An outdoor swimming pool, including an in-ground, above-ground, or on-ground pool, hot tub or spa, should be provided with a barrier that complies with the following standards:

1. The top of the barrier should be at least 48 inches above grade, measured on the side of the barrier, which faces away from the swimming pool. The maximum vertical clearance between grade and the bottom of the barrier should be 4 inches, measured on the side of the barrier, which faces away from the swimming pool. Where the top of the pool structure is above grade, such as an above-ground pool, the barrier may be at ground level, such as the pool structure, or mounted on top of the pool structure. Where the barrier is mounted on top of the pool structure, the maximum vertical clearance between the top of the pool structure and the bottom of the barrier should be 4 inches.

2. Openings in the barrier should not allow passage of a 4-inch-diameter sphere.

3. Solid barriers, which do not have openings, such as a masonry or stone wall, should not contain indentations or protrusions, except for normal construction tolerances and tooled masonry joints.

4. Where the barrier is composed of horizontal and vertical members, and the distance between the tops of the horizontal members is less than 45 inches, the horizontal members should be located on the swimming pool-side of the fence. Spacing between vertical members should not exceed 1¾ inches in width. Where there are decorative cutouts, spacing within the cutouts should not exceed 1¾ inches in width.

5. Where the barrier is composed of horizontal and vertical members, and the distance between the tops of the horizontal members is 45 inches or more, spacing between vertical members should not exceed 4 inches. Where there are decorative cutouts, spacing within the cutouts should not exceed 1¾ inches in width.

6. Maximum mesh size for chain link fences should not exceed 1¾ inches square, unless the fence is provided with slats fastened at the top or the bottom, which reduce the openings to no more than 1¾ inches.

7. Where the barrier is composed of diagonal members, such as a lattice fence, the maximum opening formed by the diagonal members should be no more than 1¾ inches.

8. Access gates to the pool should comply with Section I, Paragraphs 1 through 7, and should be equipped to accommodate a locking device. Pedestrian access gates should open outward, away from the pool, and should be self-closing and have a self-latching device. Gates other than pedestrian access gates should have a self-latching device. Where the release mechanism of the self-latching device is located less than 54 inches from the bottom of the gate, (a) the release mechanism should be located on the pool-side of the gate at least 3 inches below the top of the gate, and (b) the gate and barrier should have no opening greater than ½-inch within 18 inches of the release mechanism.

9. Where a wall of a dwelling serves as part of the barrier, one of the following should apply:

(a) All doors with direct access to the pool through that wall should be equipped with an alarm which produces an audible warning when the door and its screen, if present, are opened. The alarm should sound continuously for a minimum of 30 seconds within seven seconds after the door is opened. Alarms should meet the requirements of UL 2017 General-Purpose Signaling Devices and Systems, Section 77. The alarm should have a minimum sound-pressure rating of 85 dBA at 10 feet, and the sound of the alarm should be distinctive from other household sounds, such as smoke alarms, telephones and door bells. The alarm should automatically reset under all conditions. The alarm should be equipped with manual means, such as touchpads or switches, to temporarily deactivate the alarm for a single opening of the door from either direction. Such deactivation should last for no more than 15 seconds. The deactivation touchpads or switches should be located at least 54 inches above the threshold of the door.

(b) The pool should be equipped with a power safety cover that complies with ASTM F1346-91 listed below.

(c) Other means of protection, such as self-closing doors with self-latching devices, are acceptable so long as the degree of protection afforded is not less than the protection afforded by (a) or (b) described above.

10. Where an above-ground pool structure is used as a barrier, or where the barrier is mounted on top of the pool structure, and the means of access is a ladder or steps, then:

(a) the ladder to the pool or steps should be capable of being secured, locked or removed to prevent access; or

(b) the ladder or steps should be surrounded by a barrier which meets Section I, Paragraphs 1 through 9. When the ladder or steps are secured, locked or removed, any opening created should not allow the passage of a 4-inch-diameter sphere.

Indoor Swimming Pool

All walls surrounding an indoor swimming pool should comply with Paragraph 9 (above).

Barrier Locations

Barriers should be located so as to prohibit permanent structures, equipment or similar objects from being used to climb the barriers.


A portable spa with a safety cover that complies with ASTM F1346-91 listed below should be exempt from the guidelines presented in this document. But swimming pools, hot tubs, and non-portable spas with safety covers should not be exempt from the provisions of this document.

The information on barriers was adapted from the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission,